Anyone with a Pug will tell you that a tremendous amount of character is crammed into his small, muscular package. The large round eyes, cocked head and wrinkled brow can convey a wide range of emotions - mischief, curiosity, surprise, innocence, adoration, feigned starvation. The Pug loves his food, so be vigilant in keeping him trim with a high-protein low-calorie diet.
Pugs are generally sweet natured and get along with other pets. They will alert you when someone is at the door and then greet the newcomer with affectionate snuffles. They don’t need as much exercise as many breeds, nor do they bark very often. This makes them great city dogs, though they are equally happy in the countryside. Pugs love to be with their human family so long periods of solitude, or a life spent outdoors on his own, are not recommended.
Pug dogs come in three colors. All black, fawn with a black face or silver with a black face. He weighs no more than 14 - 18 pounds (6 – 8 kg), stands up to 13 inches (34 cm) tall and has a life expectancy of 13 - 15 years. You can maximize his life expectancy by feeding him a healthy longevity diet.
Fortune, Josephine Bonaparte’s pet Pug, carried secret messages in his collar from his mistress to Napoleon while Josephine was imprisoned.
Other famous Pugs include Otis from The Adventures of Milo and Otis, Frank from Men in Black, Percy from Pocahontas and Peter Pug from Wee Peter Pug.
Pugs are the pets of royalty. Pompey was a Pug belonging to the Prince of Orange who saved his master by barking in warning when Spanish troops approached. Mops was Marie Antoinette’s Pug and Basco was Queen Victoria’s favorite Pug.
The top five Instagram Pug superstars include:
The Pug is happy to snuggle on the sofa. Combine this habit with his love of food and you could end up with a fat little Pug. But the Pug is a sturdy little chap who loves to play, so you can keep him fit with daily energetic games or a walk. But remember, due to his short snout he can overheat. Strenuous walks on a hot or humid day are not recommended. On such days, play-time in the air conditioned indoors is a better option.
Your Pug might also enjoy canine sports such as rally, obedience and agility training.
Most Pugs are at least a little stubborn, but they are also eager to please. That means persistency and consistency on your part will pay off. Positive reinforcement works well for this affectionate breed. Harsher training methods will only hurt his feelings. Food is a helpful incentive, but use treats sparingly. To keep his weight under control try these healthy low-calorie treats.
The Pug dog, as with all pure breed dogs, has proclivities to certain health issues. His eyes are prone to corneal ulcers and dry eye. Use saline eye drops to flush out dust.
As a brachycephalic (short-snouted) dog breed, the Pug is susceptible to breathing problems. To minimize this, ensure he does not overheat. Keep him cool on hot days and during exercise. Read about the signs of heat stroke and how to keep your dog cool. Breathing troubles are also exaggerated if dogs become overweight.
When buying pure bred Pug puppies, ensure that they have:
As with all breeds, keep his nails trim.
The Pug is an ancient breed that can be traced back 2,000 years when he was the favored companion of Chinese Emperors. In the sixteenth century, Dutch traders brought Pug dogs back to Holland where they became the mascot of the royal House of Orange. It was one of these Pugs, named Pompey, who saved the Prince of Orange from Spanish attack by barking in warning of their arrival one night. When the Prince of Orange took Pompey to England he ignited a craze for the breed, and shortly afterwards, Pugs went global.
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